In order to memorize a subject matter, repetition is of great importance. Without repetition, much is quickly forgotten. Therefore, it is important to always include sufficient time for repetition in a time or learning plan.
Repetitions should also take place with a time delay. Because if what has just been read can be repeated, this does not mean that the learning material can also be recalled at a later point in time. It therefore makes sense to check what you have learned at a later point in time. You can either check yourself (e.g. write down or recite what you already know about the individual headings or exam questions and then check for accuracy) or have someone else check the material. Checking is a good way to determine the current state of knowledge and to find out which learning material has not yet been understood or memorized so well. This can then be worked on again and repeated.
This kind of self-examination can also be used to consider how the exam questions or tasks could possibly be formulated. The better you can prepare yourself for what the actual exam situation might look like, the less likely it is that unexpected events will throw you off course.
A well-known tool for revision is the flashcard (sometimes found under the terms ‘slip box method’ or ‘study machine’). It is often recommended for vocabulary practice in foreign language learning. However, it can also be used to practice knowledge of all subjects. The flashcard is a good way to test yourself.