Lofi or Lo-Fi is the term for low-fidelity. Lofi music sounds dull, it sometimes hisses and crackles. This is intentional, because this is precisely the intentionally imperfect retro sound that music recorded with simple technical means aspires to. That music has an effect on a person’s current mood, as scientists have shown that music can even have a positive effect on brain performance and concentration. It is important to choose the right music for this purpose.
Increased brain activity due to relaxation due to the predictability of loops, drowning out outside noise, music activates the brain and switches neurons (the last point is controversial).
Increased cognitive ability, as one study¹ found that lofi music improves memory.
Improved mood, as music releases the happy hormones serotonin and dopamine.
Reduction of tension and nervousness, as music reduces the stress hormone cortisol.
Relaxing effect due to the pleasant rhythm and predictable sounds.
One’s favorite music is certainly not lofi music, because, on the one hand, the lyrics of the music are distracting, and in the worst case, you even sing along with your favorite songs. This is because most of the songs were designed to be varied and exciting, which can also be distracting. Lofi music sometimes sounds boring, so it is ideal for learning. It also prevents distraction and can boost brain activity and concentration for some.
Even though most experts believe that music can be rather distracting while learning (see Does music interfere with concentration while learning?), it can still be worthwhile for people who find concentration difficult to try this form of music, because lofi beats actually increase concentration and thus productivity for some.
Lofi music can be heard almost anywhere, whether on YouTube, Spotify or streaming platforms. It comes in a variety of flavors. Livestreams or playlists of lofi music are especially recommended.
Here are examples: