It can be difficult to integrate punishment into education in a meaningful way. This is one reason why many educators reject them. In any case, they should only be used in exceptional cases. It becomes problematic when they are resorted to very frequently.
In the worst case, the parent-child relationship and self-confidence can be disturbed because the child is constantly frightened and intimidated. Moreover, punishment does not always lead to the desired result – it often just leads to lying or, if the child is already older, sneaking around. Especially babies or small children should not be punished under any circumstances – they cannot yet assess their actions.
Nevertheless, children need clear boundaries now and then. Try to show your child a “logical consequence” of his actions, announced in advance. For example, “If you dawdle while getting dressed, we won’t have time to go to the swimming pool.” Now it is up to him whether he wants to hurry.